Established in 1987, The American Board of Medical Physics certifies physicists and related scientists to practice clinical medical physics and perform research on human subjects. Originally, the ABMP certified medical physicists in the traditional disciplines of Radiation Therapy Physics and Diagnostic Imaging Physics but by agreement with the American Board of Radiology in 2001 the ABMP discontinued new examinations in these two subdisciplines.
Certificates are issued to candidates who have demonstrated their knowledge and proficiency by successfully completing comprehensive written and oral examinations. Currently, the two primary certificates are offered in the field of radiological sciences: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics and Medical Health Physics. The ABMP also has ongoing programs for the maintenance of certifications in Radiation Therapy Physics, Diagnostic Imaging Physics, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics and Medical Health Physics.
Throughout its history, the ABMP has adopted and discontinued certain certification programs in response to technological and professional demands as it works in partnership with the American Board of Radiology and the rest of the professional medical physics community.